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Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
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17. Guidelines on Export Controls
These regulations, which have been in place for over twenty years, carry a range of potential penalties, including imprisonment, for individuals who violate them. This page provides guidance to University faculty, students, and staff so that they may recognize when the regulations may apply and when an export or OFAC license may be required in connection with research.
An “export” is defined as:
Exports usually will require a license for one or more of the following reasons:
However, in most cases, the majority of the University’s research activities will not require a license because the research will fall under what is referred to as the “Fundamental Research Exemption”.
Generally a license is not required to export fundamental research (i.e., the research results), as long as there are no restrictions on publication of the research or other restrictions on dissemination of the information. In some cases, the exception applies as long as the research or information is "made public" or is "intended to be made public" . Since UR research policy does not allow research to be undertaken without the possibility of publication, this exclusion will almost always apply.
As outlined above, the term "export" can mean not only transfer or disclosure beyond the shores of the United States to any person (including to a U.S. citizen abroad whether or not pursuant to a research agreement with the U.S. government), but also the transmission or disclosure of the technology with the United States to someone who is not a U.S. citizen or permanent resident.
The latter type of disclosure is called a “deemed export.” Even certain disclosures to a foreign researcher or student in an UR laboratory could be considered a deemed export. This could pertain to access to equipment within a lab at the UR, and thus can become an issue even if the research resulting from use of that equipment is excluded from restrictions. Thus concern about deemed exports requires particular attention of UR researchers.
In case of questions, please contact the Office of Research and Project Administration.